Flowers A – Z

M is for Marigold

Marigolds are a garden favourite for many home owners and horticulture enthusiasts because they are such a hardy and low-maintenance flower. Here’s a few facts from Flower Blog about the Marigold you may or may not already know:


  • Marigolds were first discovered by the Portuguese in Central America during the 16th century. A common nickname for the Marigold is the “Stinky Roger” due to the pungent scent of the bloom.
  • There are four species of marigolds: triploids hybrid (Tagetes erectawith Tagetes patula), single (Tagetes tenuifolia), African (Tagetes erecta), and French (Tagetes patula). Marigolds come in many colors, including red, yellow, orange, maroon or cream.


  • Marigold is an extremely effective herb for skin inflammation, whether it’s due to infection or physical damage (e.g. crural ulceration, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, anal fissures, mastitis, sebaceous cysts, impetigo).
  • As an ointment, Marigold (Calendula) can repair minor damage to the skin such as sunburns. The sap from the stem of the marigold supposedly removes warts, corns and calluses.



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K is for Kangaroo Paw

This isn’t what it sounds like, honest! Kangaroo Paw is actually a flower, true story! Don’t believe us? Then hang on to your socks and read on Joe Robinson!


  • Anigozanthos is a perennial Western Australian plant that grow from an underground rhizome. There are only 11 species of Kangaroo Paw on the planet.


  • The tubular flowers of the Kangaroo Paw are coated with dense hairs and open at the apex with six claw-like structures, hence the name “Kangaroo Paw”. Their pollen is dispersed predominantly through birds, which are attracted to the sweet nectar of its flowers.
  • Macropidia fuliginosa, aka Black Kangaroo Paw, is difficult to propagate from seed or by division. Commercially grown plants are usually produced by tissue culture.


  • It is advisable to regard kangaroo paws as short-lived plants, they tend to last only 3-5 years in gardens with favourable conditions (well-drained soil and plenty of direct sunlight).

There you have it mates! An unusual and rare flower from the Outback, compliments of Flower Blog and the Australian National Herbarium.  Now go impress your friends with your new discovery!


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H is for Hibiscus


This bright flower is a summertime favourite for flower-lovers and is a great addition to anyone’s home garden. Here’s a few facts via Wikipedia about the Hibiscus:

  • Hibiscus go by many names, including:  sorrel, and flor de Jamaica, or less widely known as rosemallow.

Credit: Visuallens

  • Many species are grown for their showy flowers and are used to attract butterflies, bees, and hummingbirds.
  • One species of Hibiscus, known as kenaf, is extensively used in paper-making.

Credit: Future Scientists

  • Dried hibiscus is edible, and is often a delicacy in Mexico. It can also be candied and used as a garnish.
  • Hibiscus tea is popular as a natural diuretic; it contains vitamin C and minerals, and is used traditionally as a mild medicine. Hibiscus tea is popular due to its tangy taste and vibrant colours.

Credit: Buttered Up

  • The red hibiscus is the flower of the Hindu goddess Kali, and appears in art often with the goddess and the flower merging in form.

Credit: Sirensongs


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G is for Gardenia

Here’s a few fun facts the Flower Blog staff wanted to share about the Gardenia:

  • The Gardenia is in the same family as coffee.
  • Gardenias are popular due to strong sweet scent of their flowers.
  • The Gardenia fruits are known for their clearing, calming, and cooling properties are often used in traditional Chinese medicine.
  • Gardenias symbolize purity and sweetness. They indicate secret love.
  • Because they thrive in high-humidity climates and are a delicate flower by nature, farmers find growing Gardenias to be a challenging task.

Credit: content from Wikipedia


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Flowers A to Z: F is for Freesia


Thanks to the lovely staff at Flower Blog for finding some great info about this fragrant flower:

  • Freesia has 14–16 species of flowering plants all native to Africa named after German physician Friedrich Heinrich Theodor Freese (1795–1876).
  • Freesia plants grow from a corm (a solid bulb, as in Gladiolus).
  • Freesia is mostly known for its fragrant blooms and their gorgeous funnel-shaped flowers. Freesia are very poularly used in the perfume, scented oils and baths because of their fragrance.
  • The flowers come in a great variety of colors – white, golden yellow, orange, red, pink, mauve, lavender, purple and bicolors.
  • Freesia flowers symbolize innocence and are popular in wedding bouquets.


Growing Freesia Flowers

  • The corms should be planted close – six will do nicely in a 5 inch pot.
  • Soil should be light and should be drained well.
  • Place the top of the corm, 1 inch below the soil.
  • For winter flowers, plant freesia in late summer or early fall and keep them cool until frosts are due.
  • During winter, bring freesia bulbs in and keep them in a sunny window.

Plant Care

  • Freesias are propagated by offsets of bulbs and seeds.
  • Freesia plants need full sun and cool night temperatures, preferably between 45 and 40 degrees.
  • Keep the plants well watered while the leaves and flowers are developing.
  • When the leaves begin to brown after the flowers have faded, the plants may be gradually dried off and the corms saved for the following year.

Credit: content from Wikipedia and the Flower Expert


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E is for Enthusiasm


Nope, we’re not talking about team spirit here folks, we’re talking flowers. Though Flower Blog does appreciate the enthusiasm  :)

rosesCredit: Flowering Flowers

  • Bouvardia is a genus of the Rubiaceae family and contains about 30 species of  evergreens and shrubs. The genus is named after Louis XIII’s physician and superintendent of the Royal Gardens in Paris, Charles Bouvard (1572–1658).
  • Most of the Enthusiasm species are native to Central America and Mexico.

bouquetsCredit: Scented Nectar

  • Bouvardia flowers grow in clusters and are seen in shades of pink, white, yellow, salmon and red. They are often used in wedding bouquets and (you guessed it!) represent enthusiasm.

Credit: content from Wikipedia


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Flowers A to Z: D is for Dahlia

Here’s some fun facts from Wikipedia about this southern beauty, the Dahlia:

Dahlias are related to: the sunflower, daisy, chrysanthemum and zinnia.

Spanish Hidalgos reported finding the plants growing in Mexico in 1525, but the earliest known description is by physician Francisco Hernández, who was ordered by Philip II to visit Mexico in 1570. It wasn’t until 1787 that the first Dahlia was brought back to Europe and successfully flowered in 1789.

Dahlia imperalis

The Aztecs used Dahlias to treat epilepsy, and used the long, hollow stem of the (Dahlia imperalis) for water pipes.

Image shows the hollow tube of the Dahlia stem.

In 1805, several new species of Dahlia were reported with red, purple, lilac, and pale yellow coloring across Europe, and the first true “double” flower was produced in Belgium.

Double Dahlia flower head.

Prior to the discovery of insulin in 1923, diabetics in American and Europe were often given a substance called Atlantic starchor diabetic sugar, derived from inulin, a naturally occurring form of fruit sugar extracted from dahlia tubers.


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Flowers A to Z: C is for Caspia


Thanks to Flower-Dictionary for these fun facts about this interesting filler flower:


Caspia is also known as: Statice, Sea Lavender or Limonium. It’s name originates from the Greek word for “meadow”. Caspia symbolizes remembrance.

Caspia works well for both fresh and dried arrangements, and is available year round.


Caspia prefers more salty soils, and thrives near ocean shores and marshes, hence the name “Sea Lavender”.

The papery flowers of Statice come in a wide array of colors, including: blue, violet, white, yellow, apricot, salmon, pink, rose and lavender.


The papery outer layer of the caspia flower is used as a protective layer for the delicate white blooms it produces when flowering. The stems also have a unique wing-like appearance, making them easy to spot in a garden or bouquet.


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Flowers a to A: B is for Bellflower


Thanks to Wikipedia and Garden Guides for these tidbits on the Bellflower:


Bellflowers take their name from their bell-shaped flowers—campanula is Latin for “little bell”.

Well-known species include the Campanula rotundifolia, commonly known as Harebell in England and Bluebell in Scotland, and the  Campanula medium, commonly known as Canterbury Bells, which is a garden plant in the UK.

Bellflowers are cultivated because of their delicate flowers that vary in shades of purple and blue.

Flowers were called Harebell by “witches”, who were believed to be able to transform into hares. Scottish people also call bellflower’s “Witches Thimble” as a result.

The Brothers Grimm’s tale Rapunzel took its name from the species Campanula rapunculus, commonly known as Rampion Bellflower, Rampion, or Rover Bellflower.

The Campanula rapunculus was once widely grown in Europe for its spinach-like leaves and its radish-like root.

Blue bellflowers are a perfect addition to the garden for people that want to attract hummingbirds, who love the flower’s sweet nectar.


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Flowers A to Z: A is for Anemone

Yessir, we’re back to square one with our Flowers A to Z category, and this week we wanted to bring you a fun little flower that often gets confused for another famous flower:

Yep. Definitely not in Kansas anymore.

Enjoy some info from Wikipedia on the Anemone (or as we like to call it, the land anemone!):

Among the most popular are the autumn-flowering Japanese Anemone (Anemone hupehensis).

The name Anemone comes from Greek and roughly means “daughter of the wind”, which signifies that the wind that blows the petal open will also, eventually, blow the dead petals and fruit away.


Anemone flowers are cup-shaped and come in yellowish, white, purple, violet, or red shades.

March kicks off poppy season in Israel, one of the countries that are known for its massive Anemone cultivation.

Anemone coronaria (poppy anemone, Spanish marigold, “dağ lalesi” in Turkish, “Calanit” in Hebrew, “Shaqa’iq An-Nu’man” in Arabic) is a flowering plant native to the Mediterranean area.  It is one of the more popular species of Anemone grown in gardens, displaying colours such as scarlet, crimson, blue, purple, and white.


If you are interested in planting Anemone in your garden:

If the Anemone is tuberous, plant it in the summer. If it’s rhizomatous, separate in the spring. If they’re roots are fibrous, divide the plants in early spring or fall and it potted for at least a year before transplanting to your garden. When in doubt: plant in the fall. Here’s some more helpful tips from The Flower Expert on planting Anemone:

  • Windflowers should be grown in very well-drained, moderately fertile soil in a lightly shaded or sunny location.
  • Plant the tubers in the fall or spring, unless you live north of their adapted zones; in this case, plant in the spring.
  • Before planting, soak the tubers for a few hours or overnight; if you soak them overnight, you will be able to see the slightly swollen areas from which shoots will grow.
  • Plant the tubers 3 to 4 inches deep and 4 to 6 inches apart.
  • If not sure which end is up, lay them on their sides.


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Flowers A to Z: Z is for Zantedeschia


Zanta-what? It’s cool, we can’t pronounce the name either. But wecan pronounce Calla Lilies, which is one of the common names for the Zantedeschia–but don’t be fooled! There aren’t actually calla lilies. Here’s some more fun facts about this beautiful flower fromWikipedia:

Make sure to keep cut Zantedeschia arrangements thoroughly watered–they’re heavy drinkers!

Though related to the genus Calla, Zantedeschia are neither calla nor lily.

Though more commonly known for their white flowers, callas come in many other shades such as yellows, oranges, pinks and dark purples.

The name of the genus was given as a tribute to Italian botanist Giovanni Zantedeschi (1773–1846).

Zantedeschia are natives of South Africa, where they grow so abundantly that they’re viewed as common roadside plants and are called “pig lilies.”

“Edge of Night” Zantedeschia

All parts of the the Zantedeschia species are poisonous due to the presence of calcium oxalate, which causes irritation and swelling of the mouth and throat, acute vomiting and diarrhea when ingested.

Despite their toxicity, Zantedeschia are often featured in wedding bouquets because Calla lilies symbolize innocence and purity.


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Flowers A to Z: Youth and Old Age


Commonly known as the Zinnia, this flower is a delight for gardens and attracts hummingbirds and butterflies. Read on to learn more about this garden beauty:

The Zinnia elegans is commonly known by gardeners as Youth and Old Age

Named after the German botanist Johann Gottfriend Zinn (1727–59), the original zinnias came from Mexico.

Butterflies and hummingbirds love Zinnias, and are often featured in outdoor gardens.

They were considered so ugly that the Spanish called Youth and Old Age, mal de ojos, or “sickness of the eye.” In the 18th century Spanish explorers brought these “eyesores” back to Europe.

Zinnias come in many colours and petal formations.

Zinnias are not a poisonous plant and are safe for gardens frequented by children and pets.  However, they are not a culinary flower, and are not used as food garnishes, etc.


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Flowers A to Z: W is for Wolfsbane

Need to get rid of an angsty teenage werewolf?


Don’t we all. But you might be better off throwing him a T-bone steak, because this flower’s anti-werewolf capacities are about as fictitious as glittery vampires. Here’s some real facts about Wolfsbane from Wikipedia:


Wolfsbane (genus Aconitum) goes by many different names, such as: aconite, monkshood, wolf’s bane, leopard’s bane, women’s bane, Devil’s helmet or blue rocket.


Wolfsbane is actually a member of the buttercup family. The name comes from ἀκόνιτον meaning without struggle. The Wolfsbane flowers symbolize chivalry, and say, “Beware, a deadly foe is near.”

Aconitum ferox up close

Werewolves (and everyone else) have reason to fear Wolfsbane: it’s extremely poisonous. The roots of Aconitum ferox supply the Nepalese poison called bikhbish, or nabee. It contains large quantities of the alkaloid pseudaconitine, which is deadly.

The droop of the flower gives it the nickname, “Monkshood”

Wolfsbane’s noxious properties are notorious in historical literature: Shakespeare mentioned it in Henry IV, John Keats in his Ode on Melancholy, and in Greek mythology, Medea attempted to poison Theseus with a cup of wine poisoned with wolfsbane. Wolfsbane is even mentioned in Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban and in the TV series The Vampire Diaries.


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Flowers A to Z: V is for Violet

Australian native violet, or Viola banksii

We’ve already featured violets once before, but did you know that Pansies are a type of Violet and Violets aren’t just violet-coloured?Wikipedia says so! Read on to learn more about this versatile (and underrated) flower:

True Violets have been in cultivation by ancient Greeks sicne 500 BC or even earlier. Greeks and the Romans valued Violets for its herbal properties, made wine from them and sweetened food.

The common dog violet, or Viola riviniana

Violet blooms can be consumed; in medicines they serve as a laxative, and the flowers are glazed for decoration in jellies and other food items. However it is strictly prohibited to take the plants internally in large quantities.

S.Kenney 2011 Lemon Squares with Candied Violets

The violet’s flower colours vary in the genus, ranging from violet, as their common name suggests, through various shades of blue, yellow, white, and cream, whilst some types are bicolored, often blue and yellow.

Wild field pansy, or Viola arvensis

One quirk of some viola is the elusive scent of their flowers is a ketone compound called ionone, which temporarily desensitises the nasal receptors, thus preventing any further scent being detected from the flower until the nerves recover.

Common African violet

Using the flowers in love potions, the Ancient Greeks believed the Violets symbolized fertility and love. By the way people wearing a garland of violets above the heads credited they ensured warding off headaches and woozy spells.

And now you know a ton about this common household plant!


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Flowers A to Z: T is for Tulip


The tulip is one of the most popular spring flowers homeowners plant in their gardens or window boxes. You are probably familiar with this common springtime flower, but did you know in the 1600’s a single tulip bulb sold for more than 10 times the annual income of a skilled craftsman in the Netherlands? Check out this brief history lesson on Tulip Mania from Wikipedia:

Tulip mania or tulipomania was a period in the Dutch Golden Age during which prices for tulip bulbs reached extraordinarily high levels and then suddenly collapsed.

The tulip was introduced to Europe to the Holy Roman Emperor, Ferdinand I, in 1554 as a gift from the Ottoman Empire. In 1593 tulip bulbs began to sweep the Dutch nation after local botanists determined the plant was hardy enough to tolerate their harsh weather conditions.

Tulips used to get this “mosaic” look from the “Tulip breaking virus”, so called because it “breaks” the plant’s lock on a single color of petal.

The tulip had an intense colour never before seen in Medieval Europe, and having budding tulips on your property was soon used as  a symbol of the Netherlands’ independence from Spain and a status symbol by traders and wealthy alike.

Black tulips symbolize power and strength.

Different colours of the tulips fetched different prices, the most expensive being bulbs infected with a virus that caused a mosaic-type colour pattern. The most expensive tulip on the market was the Semper Augustus.

The Semper Augustus tulip.

Tulip mania reached its peak during the winter of 1636-37, when some bulbs were reportedly changing hands ten times in a day. It is speculated Tulip Mania was both a product of and suffered from the Plague, causing a fatalistic risk-taking cultural movement that crashed when traders stopped showing up to market with their products.

Rush of Colour Assorted Tulip Bouquet

For a flower that blooms for only 2 weeks out of the year, the Dutch invested a great deal of time, money and effort into the cultivation and market of these flower bulbs. We hope you enjoyed learning about this lovely flower and how it changed a country almost overnight, we sure did!


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Flowers A to Z: S is for Snap Dragon

Though April’s flower starts with the letter “s,” we decided not to be slackers and post some fun info about this fun flower fromWikipedia:


Snapdragon Info: Antirrhinum is a genus of plants commonly known as snapdragons or dragon flower from the flowers’ fancied resemblance to the face of a dragon that opens and closes its mouth when laterally squeezed (thus the ‘snap’). The name literally means “like a nose” in ancient Greek and probably refers to the nose-like capsule in its mature state.


Snapdragon Folklore: legend has it that concealing a snapdragon makes a person appear fascinating and cordial, and in the language of flowers, snapdragons are said to represent both deception (perhaps tied to the notion of concealment) and graciousness.


Snapdragon Care: snapdragons are perennial plants that do best in full or partial sun. They are available in a range of heights: dwarf(6-8 inches), medium (15-30 inches) andtall (30-48 inches). Plant them in a soil that drains well to prevent the roots from rotting.


Here’s a great video from Expert Village explaining how to properly cut your snapdragons from the backyard and care for them after they’ve been cut:

Snapdragons are a fun flower that kids can (gently) enjoy and that also look great in your backyard or in your home.


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Flowers A to Z: R is for Rattlesnake?


Not exactly.

The Heliconia goes by many names, Rattlesnake being one of them. Who knew? Read on to learn more about this pretty tropical flower.


The 100-200 known species of Heliconia are found in rainforests or tropical wet forests of these regions. Common names for the genus include: lobster-claws, wild plantains or false bird-of-paradise.

The flowers can be hues of reds, oranges, yellows, and greens, and are subtended by brightly colored bracts.


Fun Rattlesnake Fact: Heliconia are related to bananas, sharing a similar maturity pattern.

Hummingbirds are the main pollinators of Heliconia in many locations. The Heliconia flowers produce ample nectar and berries that attracts hummingbirds and other pollinators.


Since they are a tropical plant, Heliconias need an abundance of water, sunlight, and soils that are rich in humus in order to grow well. The plants typically flower during the wet season.


Fun Rattlesnake Fact: the Heliconia’s flowers sprout in different positions on the plant to maximize photosynthesis throughout the day.


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Flowers A to Z: Q is for Queen Ann’s Lace


Check out this interesting info about a little filler plant that has a few fun facts up its sleeve. Or stamen. Content from flower-dictionary and Wikipedia:

Daucus carota is a variable biennial plant, usually growing up to 1 m tall and flowering from June to August. The umbels are claret-coloured or pale pink before they open, then bright white and rounded when in full flower, measuring 3–7 cm wide with a festoon of bracts beneath; finally, as they turn to seed, they contract and become concave like a bird’s nest. The dried umbels detach from the plant, becoming tumbleweends.


Wild carrot was introduced to North America, where it is often known as “Queen Ann’s lace”. It is so called because the flower resembles lace; the red flower in the center represents a blood droplet where Queen Anne pricked herself with a needle when she was making the lace. The function of the tiny red flower, coloured by anthocyanin, is to attract insects.


Commonly confused with Dacus Carota (Wild Carrot, Queen Anne’s Lace, Queen’s Lace, A Devil’s Plague), Ammi majus is actually called bishop’s weed but is used extensively in the floral trade as “Queen Anne’s Lace.”


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Flowers A to Z:


Flowers A to Z: O is for Ornithogalum

Image from

Enjoy some information about the lovely Ornithogalum from flower-dictionary and Wikipedia:

Image from

Ornithogalum is a genus of perennials mostly native to southern Europe and southern Africa belonging to the family Hyacinthaceae. Growing from a bulb, it has grass-like basal leaves and a slender stalk, up to 30 cm tall, bearing clusters of star-shaped white flowers striped with green. There are about 150 species.

Image from

Because of its star-shaped flowers, it is named for the Star of Bethlehem that appeared in the Biblical account of the birth of Jesus.

Image from

Ornithogalum derive their name from the Greek words ornis, meaning “bird,” and gala, meaning “milk.” Although the name appears to reference the flowers’ milky-white colors, its specific application is unknown.


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Flowers A to Z: N is for Nerine Lily

Info compliments of flower-dictionary:

Commonly known as the Guernsey lily or spider lily, Nerine bowdenii and its cousins are actually herbs in the Amaryllidaceaefamily. This striking blossom comes in a wide spectrum of pink hues, from a brilliant fuchsia shade to an icy-cool blush pink. Nerines also can be found in white, reddish-orange and deep red.

Nerine sarniensis, or the Guernsey lily, was named when a ship was wrecked many years ago on Guernsey, the second largest of the Channel Islands, located off the coast of Normandy. Nerine bulbs washed ashore and took root on the island’s sandy beaches. Because the ship was Japanese, it was originally believed that nerines were Japanese in origin. But they are actually native only to South Africa, where they bloom every March on Table Mountain.

Its vertical form is good in oriental and contemporary arrangements. Nerines are excellent in hand-tied bouquets, and individual florets can be used in wedding and corsage work.


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Flowers A to Z: M is for Mountain Avens

This post is short and sweet, jsut like the Mountain Avens! Enjoy this info and images compliments of Wikipedia:

Dryas octopetala (common names include mountain avens, white dryas, and white dryad) is a flowering plant in the Rose family. It is a small evergreen shrub forming large colonies, and is a popular flower in rock gardens. The species name octopetaladerives from the Greek octo (eight) and petalon (petal), referring to the eight petals of the flower. This number is unusual in the Rosaceae family, where five is the normal number. The Mountain Aves flowers with up to 16 petals naturally.

Dryas octopetala has a widespread occurrence throughout mountainous areas where it is generally restricted to limestone outcrops. It grows in dry localities where snow melts early, on gravel and rocky barrens, forming a distinct heath community on calcareous soils. It is the official territorial flower of the Northwest Territories, and the national flower of Iceland.


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L is for Lavender

Disclaimer: We LOVE lavender! Heath benefits, gorgeous and calming aroma, and a beautiful bud—well, enough said. Info compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary:

The lavenders (Lavandula) are a genus of 39 species of flowering plants in the mint family. An It is thought the genus originated in Asia but it is most diversified in its western distribution. The ancient Greeks called the lavender herb nardus, after the Syrian city of Naarda. It was also commonly called nard. Lavender’s name is derived from the Latin word lavo, meaning “to wash,” and reflects the plant oil’s common use in soaps, perfumes and other toiletries. They take the form of small shrubs, subshrubs and herbaceous perennials.

In the 1970s, a herb blend called herbes de Provence usually including lavender was invented by spice wholesalers, and lavender has more recently become popular in cookery.

Flowers yield abundant nectar from which bees make a high-quality honey.  Lavender flavors baked goods and desserts , and is also used to make “lavender sugar”. Lavender flowers are occasionally blended with black, green, or herbal tea, adding a fresh, relaxing scent and flavor.

Lavender lends a floral and slightly sweet flavor to most dishes. For most cooking applications the dried buds (also referred to as flowers) are used, though some chefs experiment with the leaves as well. Only the buds contain the essential oil of lavender, from which the scent and flavor of lavender are best derived.

Lavender is used extensively with herbs and aromatherapy.  It was used in hospitals during World War I to disinfect floors and walls. These extracts are also used as fragrances for bath products.

A recent clinical study showed that lavender helps alleviate anxiety and related sleep disturbances. However, you should avoid ingesting lavender during pregnancy and breastfeeding.

Flower spikes are used for dried flower arrangements. The fragrant, pale purple flowers and flower buds are used in potpourris. Lavender is also used extensively as herbal filler inside sachets used to freshen linens. Dried and sealed in pouches, lavender flowers are placed among stored items of clothing to give a fresh fragrance and to deter moths. Dried lavender flowers have become recently popular for wedding confetti. Lavender is also popular in body care products.


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K is for Knapweed

Image compliments of Ontario Wild Flowers

Content compliments of flower-dictionary and Wikipedia:

Centaurea is a genus of between 350 and 600 species of thistle-like flowering plants  found only north of the equator, mostly in the Eastern Hemisphere. Common names for this genus are: starthistles, knapweeds, centaureas and bluets.

Image compliments of Send My Flower

Knapweeds are robust weedy plants. Their leaves, spiny in some species, are usually deeply divided into elongated lobes at least in the plants’ lower part, becoming entire towards the top. The “flowers” are diverse in colour, ranging from intense blues, reds and yellows to white—knapweed is one of the few true blue flowers in existence. Knapweed symbolizes hope in love, felicity, and delicacy.

Popular in corsages, boutonnieres, and wedding design, knapweed dries well. Spray with a sealant after drying to prevent shattering.

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Flowers A to Z: J is for Jonquil

Info compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary:

*Image compliments of Wallpaper World

Narcissus jonquilla (Jonquil) is an old world daffodil that has naturalized throughout Europe and the United States. It is one of the Narcissus species used in Narcissus Oil, a component of many modern perfumes. The meaning of the Narcissus is affection returned, sympathy and desire.

Narcissus is the broad botanical term for the flowers most consumers would call daffodils, narcissuses and paperwhites. The term daffodil is generally used to refer to single, trumpet-shaped flowers, while paperwhites refers to the tiny white flowers that grow in clusters. The term narcissus typically refers to the remaining varieties. These cheery spring bulb flowers come in a variety of colors, sizes and shapes, including white, cream, yellow, orange and bicolor. They’re members of the Amaryllidaceae family, and are named for Narcissus, a youth in Greek mythology who fell in love with his own reflection and was transformed by the gods into a flower. Narcissuses are native to Europe, North America and western Asia.

*Image compliments of Wallpaper World

Care and arrangement: Daffodils are attractive in bouquets by themselves or mixed spring arrangements. When placing in floral foam, wrap a thin-gauge wire continuously around the stem at the base. This gives soft-stemmed blossoms support for insertion into the foam. Place daffodils in a separate holing container from other flowers, as they secrete a sap which shortens the vase life of other cut flowers, especially tulips. The sap will stop flowing about 6 hours after the stems are cut. Daffodils can then be safely combined with other flowers and used in mixed arrangements.


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Flowers A to Z: I is for Iris

Beautiful and fragrant, the Iris is a commonly-known flower, but lets see if you knew this much about this blooming beaut (content compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary)!

Iris is a genus of approx 300 species of flowering plants with showy flowers. The name Iris is Greek  for “rainbow,” due to its colour variations; the Iris symbolizes wisdom, hope, and “my compliments.” As well as being the scientific name, iris is also very widely used as a common name for all Iris species, though some plants called thus belong to other closely related genera. The Iris is a popular garden flower.

*Image compliments of
Native to southern Europe and the Mediterranean region, irises are bulbous perennials. The popular blooms are members of the Iridaceae family and take their name from the Greek goddess who transported messages between mortals and the Mount Olympus deities. 

Although traditionally considered a spring bloom, many iris cultivars are available year-round from growers. Irises are delicate and have one of the shortest cut flower vase lives–just 3-6 days.


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Flowers A to Z: H is for Hydrangea

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What’s not to love about the Hydrangea (again, rhetorical question)? Beautiful globes of blooms whose colours change through the seasons are simply marvelous to behold! Here are some factoids about these blossoming beauties compliments of Wikipedia

Hydrangea (common names Hydrangea and Hortensia) is a genus of about 70 to 75 species of flowering plants native to southern and eastern Asia and North and South America. Their name comes from the Greek words hydor, which means “water,” and aggeion, which means “vessel,” referring to the shape of the flowers’ seed caps. Most Hydrangea are shrubs 1 to 3 meters tall, but some are small trees, and others lianas reaching up to 30 metres by climbing up trees. They can be either deciduous or evergreen, though the widely cultivated temperate species are all deciduous.

There are two flower arrangements in hydrangeas. Mophead flowers are large round flowerheads resembling pom-poms or, as the name implies, the head of a mop. In contrast, lacecap flowers bear round, flat flowerheads with a center core of subdued, fertile flowers surrounded by outer rings of showy, sterile flowers.

Lacecap Hydrangea

The pink hydrangea has risen in popularity all over the world, but especially in Asia. Pink hydrangeas have many different meanings, but generally means, “You are the beat of my heart”, as described by the celebrated Asian florist Tan Jun Yong, where he was quoted saying, “The light delicate blush of the petals reminds me of a beating heart, while the size could only match the heart of the sender!”


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Flowers A to Z: G is for Gerbera

*Image compliments of mi9

The Gerbera daisy has been an iconic flower for decades, its cheerful disposition is welcomed by all. Gerbera daisies symbolize innocence, purity and cheerfulness. Check out some fun information about the Gerbera compliments of Wikipedia.

*Image compliments of Tony Harrison Photography

Gerbera (African Daisy) is a genus of ornamental plants from the sunflower family. It was named in honour of the German botanist and naturalist Traugott Gerber († 1743), friend of Carolus Linnaeus.

Approximately 30 species of Gerbera exist in the wild, extending to South America, Africa and tropical Asia. The first scientific description of a Gerbera was made by J.D. Hooker in Curtis’s Botanical Magazine in 1889 when he described Gerbera jamesonii, a South African species also known as Transvaal daisy or Barberton Daisy.

Gerbera is very popular and widely used as a decorative garden plant or as cut flowers. The domesticated cultivars are mostly a result of a cross between Gerbera jamesonii and another South African species Gerbera viridifolia. The cross is known as Gerbera hybrida. Thousands of cultivars exist that vary greatly in shape and size. Colours include white, yellow, orange, red, and pink. The centre of the flower is sometimes black. Often the same flower can have petals of several different colours.

*Image compliments of Better Homes and Gardens

Gerbera species bear a large capitulum with striking, two-lipped ray florets in yellow, orange, white, pink or red colours. The capitulum is actually composed of hundreds of individual flowers whose morphology depends on their position around the capitulum. The flower heads can range from 7 cm (Gerbera mini ‘Harley’) in diameter or up to 12 cm (Gerbera ‘Golden Serena’).


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Flowers A to Z: F is for Flamingo Flower

Flowerblog has yet to feature an exotic or tropical flower—until now! Welcome the Flamingo Flower to our blog and enjoy a little information about it compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary:

Anthurium is a large genus of about 600–800 (possibly 1,000) species, belonging to the arum family (Aracea). Anthurium can also be called “Flamingo Flower” or “Boy Flower“, both referring to the structure of the spathe and spadix. Their genus name, Anthurium, comes from the Greek words anthos meaning “flower,” and oura, meaning “tail.”

*Image compliments of Ferenc Ecseki

Like other Aroids, many species of Anthurium can be grown as houseplants, or outdoors in mild climates in shady spots. They thrive in moist soils with high organic matter. In milder climates the plants can be grown in pots and need to be fertilized once/week. Indoors, the Flamingo Flower thrives at temperatures between 16°C-22°C (60°F-72°F) and at lower light than other house plants. In the case of vining or climbing Anthuriums, the plants benefit from being provided with a totem to climb. The Flamingo Flower is available year round and has a vase life of 14-28 days.

*Image compliments of FlickRiver


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Flowers A to Z: E is for Eustoma

Eustoma, more commonly referred in the States as the Texas Bluebell, and by florists as Lisianthus is pretty and comes in a wide variety of colours. Enjoy this little blurb on such a delicate flower! Images and content compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary.

*Image compliments of NPSOT

Eustoma is a genus of 3 species in the family Gentianaceae found in warm regions of the Southern United States, Mexico, the Carribean and northern  South America. They are mostly found growing in grassland and areas of disturbed ground. The common name comes from the Greek words lysis, meaning “dissolution,” and anthos, meaning “flower,” and alludes to the bitter quality of some medicinal species.

They are herbaceous annuals, growing to 15 – 60 cm tall, with bluish green, slightly succulent leaves, and large funnel shaped flowers growing on long straight stems. The cultivated flower is also often known as: Lisianthus, Texas Bluebell, Prairie Gentian, Tulip Gentian or just Gentian, although the latter can cause confusion with the related Gentian plant genus.

*Single-petal Eustoma

Lisianthuses are available from April through October in domestic markets, and may be available slightly earlier in the spring and later into the fall when purchased from international sources. They come in single-, double – and triple-petal varieties, and in colors including white, red, purple, pink and the iconic blue. Because of their broad-ranging colors, lisianthuses make beautiful additions to almost any design. Their delicate, round blooms add mass while maintaining a soft texture. Lisianthus florets are often used in corsages. With proper care and handling, the colorful blooms can have a vase life of 10-15 days.


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D is for Drumstick

*Image compliments of Lovely Little Details

We at Flowerblog love to find flowers that stick out in their simplicity–the Drumstick is one of them. More commonly referred to as Billy Buttons, this lovely bud is cropping up not only in cut arrangements but is also exploding in the wedding flower market. Keep your eyes peeled for this cheerful blossom and impress your friends with some fun facts about the drumstick! Content compliments of Wikipedia and

Craspedia (aka Billy Buttons, Drumstick)

Image from

Drumsticks are rosette-forming herbs with secondarily compound capitula (glomerules) that are borne on erect, unbranched scapes (stems) native to Australia and New Zealand where they grow in a variety of habitats from sea level to the Alps. The glomerules or flower-heads are formed as a result of a massive aggregation of tiny flowers (florets) that form a hemispherical to spherical (like pom poms) shape. There are a recorded 23 species of Craspedia, most are perennial with one species recorded as annual. The leaves have considerable variation in form and colour, ranging from white to grass green.

In Australia, Craspedia are commonly found growing in association with forest habitats but also grow on alpine slopes. They are never seen in New Zealand or Tasmania in the large, widespread and dense populations that are characteristic of mainland Australia.

Image from

Craspedia grows in a wide range of soil types (sands, gravels, clays, earths and loams) derived from different geologies across a broad rainfall gradient. The Drumstick is very hearty, intolerant only of extremely infertile and acidic soils.

The Drumstick has been cultivated in the United States as a garden flower since 1988. Its name comes from the Greek kraspedon for “edging,” which refers to the feathery foliage that accompanies its achenes, or fruit. Its growing season is around March and has a vase life of 10-12 days. The Craspedia flowers also dry well.


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Flowers A to Z: C is for Calla Lily

We at Flowerblog want to give a personal shout out to the Calla lily, a beautiful and simple flower that has been ogled for centuries. Here’s a little blurb about one of the most popular flowers in the world (images and content compliments of Wikipedia and

Zantedeschia aethiopica (common names Lily of the Nile, Calla lily, Easter lily, Arum Lily, Varkoor, an Afrikaans name meaning pig’s ear) is a species in the family Araceae, native to southern Africa in Lesotho, South Africa and Swaziland. Their genus, Zantedeschia, is named for 19th century Italian botanist Francesco Zantedeschia. The genus includes six species that have been hybridized to create numerous cultivars.

It has been cultivated for the Easter floral trade since the early 20th century; hence the (ambiguous) name ‘Easter lily’, common in Britain and Ireland. It has become an important symbol of Irish Republicanism since the Easter Uprising of 1916.

Image from

The vase life of Calla Lilies is 4-8 days and they are available for enjoyment year-round. They are best kept at room temperature. Callas take in a large amount of water so refill water levels regularly.


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Flowers a to Z: B is for Baby’s Breath

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We at Flowerblog think Baby’s Breath gets a bad rap–this simple floral accent can totally steal the show as shown in this simple Baby’s Breath bouquet. Info compliments of Wikipedia and flower-dictionary:

Image from Simone

Gypsophila is sometimes called “baby’s breath” or simply “Gyp” among the floral industry. Its botanical name means “lover of chalk” because many species are found on calcium-rich soils, including gypsum, hence the name of the genus. Gypsophilas are often grown both as ornamental garden plants and is also used in the floral industry to as filler for bouquets—Baby’s Breath also works well for dried floral arrangements. Baby’s Breath symbolizes innocence or purity of heart and buds pink and white flowers (content compliments of Wikipedia).


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Flowers A to Z: A is for Alstroemeria

Info compliments of Wikipedia:

The Alstroemeria, commonly called the Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas, represents over 120 species of flowering plants. Majority of the Alstroemeria species originate from one of two areas: central Chile or eastern Brazil. Species of Alstroemeria from Chile are winter-growing plants while those of Brazil are summer-growing. The genus was named after the Swedish baron Claus von Alstroemer (1736 – 1794), who collected the Alstroemeria seeds along with other species on a trip to South America in 1753.

Today’s Alstroemeria has been cross-bred, its flowers displaying a wide array of colours including: yellow, apricot, orange, salmon, pink, red, mauve, lavender, purple, cream, white and bi-colors. The Alstroemeria flower is a symbol of wealth, prosperity and good fortune. It is also the flower of friendship. The Alstroemeria has a vase life of 2 weeks and is popular in mixed arrangements.


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